Proposed Risk Management Strategy for EIA Control

Owners Need to Test for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) or Swamp Fever:


Equine Canada’s Health and Welfare Committee would like to remind Canadian horse owners that Equine Infectious Anemia  is a potentially fatal viral disease that is constantly present, to some degree, in the Canadian equine population. All individuals involved in the Canadian horse industry should be vigilant about monitoring and testing for EIA, commonly referred to as “swamp fever.”


At this time there is no cure for EIA, nor is there a vaccine that will prevent an animal from becoming infected. However, the EIA test is consistently reliable in detecting the presence of antibodies regardless of whether the infection is acute, chronic or unapparent. Horses should be tested whenever there is potential for them to be cohabitating and intermingling with other horses. This includes, but is not limited to, boarding and breeding stables, race tracks, horse shows and other events where horses come together for competitive or recreational purposes.


Equine Canada strongly recommends that all horse owners have their horses tested regularly for EIA. Proof of a negative EIA test is an entry requirement for many competitions, and other activities involving the movement and co-mingling of horses including border crossings.


For more information and data on the number of cases in your province or region, please refer to the links on the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) web site. Contact your veterinarian for advice on how to best protect your horse(s) against EIA.


Input is being sought by C.F.I.A. regarding the “Proposed Risk Management Strategy for EIA Control in Canada" by June 30th, 2015.

The CQHA Public Policy Committee is reviewing the existing EIA policies and procedures, and invites members and industry stakeholders to also submit your comments directly to us to indicate your interest and opinion. Click here to email the CQHA Chair of Public Policy